What Do Rabbits Eat

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So you either have a got yourself a rabbit already or you are thinking of going out and getting one. Well, like all creatures on this earth they need to eat! So what do Rabbits eat? You had better put away that big juicy steak because rabbits are full blown herbivores! Our furry vegetarian companions need a quality diet mainly consisting of grass or hay, pellets and veg with the occasional fruit as a treat. Looking after a rabbit doesn’t have to be a full time job, if you get into the right cleaning routine and if you learn the proper health requirements and what rabbits eat you can look after your bunny with just a few minutes per day.

Rabbits Eat Hay and Grass

Rabbits really need to have access to fresh grass or straw at all times. Rabbits can have sensitive digestive systems and grass or hay provides vital roughage that prevents any blockages. There are many other benefits of giving your rabbit hay:

  • Giving your rabbit grass and/or hay can reduce the dangers of hairballs (unlike cats, rabbits can’t vomit hair balls up which leaves them susceptible to blockages).
  • Giving your rabbit grass and/or hay helps prevent overgrown teeth
  • Giving your rabbit grass and/or hay helps prevent obesity
  • Giving your rabbit grass and/or hay helps prevent dental disease
  • Giving your rabbit grass and/or hay helps prevent diarrhea
  • Giving your rabbit grass and/or hay helps prevent Boredom

The most ideal hay for your rabbits is known as “timothy hay”. Timothy Hay is recommended by vets for herbivores such as guinea pigs, chinchillas and rabbits because of its high fiber, low protein and low calcium content, which is ideal for small vegetarian animals.

Rabbits Eat Pellets

Rabbit’s will always want more pellets! The average rabbit will need ¼ to ½ a cup of pellets each day however a rabbit’s diet should not consist of only pellets. Look for a pellet that is high in fiber but low in protein and calcium (like timothy hay). You will want to go for a brand that focuses mainly on the pellet and not filler like dried fruit, corn, seeds and nuts. Fiber is essential to a rabbits digestive system so make sure you read the ingredient list and ensure your rabbit gets the basic vitamins to ensure all around good health!

Rabbits Eat Vegetables

Veggies are super important! There is a reason bugs bunny is always chomping on a carrot! The average rabbit that is over 12 weeks of age will require around 2 cups of vegetables per day.

As a general guide you should give your rabbit 2 different types of vegetables from this list:

  • Alfalfa, Radish & Clover Sprouts
  • Basil
  • Bok Choy
  • Brussel Sprouts
  • Celery
  • Cilantro
  • Clover
  • Escarole
  • Green Peppers
  • Mint
  • Peppermint Leaves
  • Radicchio
  • Radish Tops
  • Raspberry Leaves
  • Wheat Grass

To ensure your rabbit eats enough Vitamin A, make sure your bunny eats one of these vegetables each day also:

  • Beet Greens (Tops)
  • Broccoli (Mostly leaves/stems)
  • Carrot & Carrot Tops
  • Collared Greens
  • Dandelion Greens & Flowers (No pesticides)
  • Endives
  • Parsley
  • Pea Pods (the flat edible kind)
  • Romaine Lettuce (No iceberg or light-colored leaf)
  • Watercress

Rabbits Eat Fruits

Often with household pets it becomes tempting to give them a treat. This is all well and good but these treats often tend to be human treats such as chocolate! Unfortunately for rabbits, too much sugar can be a big problem for them! Fruits are an excellent alternative to other pet treats and they can also be used during training for positive reinforcement. Fruits should be given to your rabbit leniently and only as a treat but the following list are great options:

  • Apples (Make sure there are no seeds or stems)
  • Blueberries
  • Melon
  • Orange (Peel the orange first)
  • Papaya
  • Peach
  • Pear
  • Pineapple
  • Plums
  • Raspberries
  • Strawberries
  • Bananas (Careful with these, they are sugary)
  • Grapes (Careful with these, they are sugary)

Rabbits eat Chew toys

Rabbits love to chew! In the wild rabbits are constantly digging and chewing and without these habits they are going to get some long teeth and claws. If you have a house rabbit, and you haven’t already purchased some chew toys, no doubt you will already be seeing nibble marks on furniture and cables around the home.


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